Overview

A cataract is the gradual clouding of the lens of the inside of one or both eyes. With time, the cloudiness or haziness worsens, which can cause vision loss. Cataracts can appear at any age but typically above the age of 60.

Symptoms

  • Cloudy, hazy, or blurry vision
  • Glare from headlights especially while driving at night
  • Haloes around bright lights
  • Difficulty reading, the especially fine print (having to turn on the light brighter in some cases)
  • Colors appear to be more dull
  • Complete vision loss especially your center vision (typically very gradual over time)

Causes

Cataracts develop over time, as part of the natural aging process like other parts of the body. It is well understood that there are circumstances that often expediate the advancement of cataracts such as:

  • Ultraviolet (UV) Light
  • Direct trauma to the eye
  • Systemic medications
  • Genetic conditions
  • Systemic diseases (diabetes, autoimmune diseases, hypertension, and others)
  • Vitamin deficiencies (Vitamin D)

Recommendations to Slow the Progression of Cataracts

Unfortunately, cataracts are not preventable; however, the progression can be slowed by wearing UV protective sunglasses outdoors, eating a balanced diet, and staying active are often associated with reduced risk.

Commonly Asked Questions

Will a new glasses prescription improve the cloudiness appearance with moderate/advanced cataracts?

No, new prescription glasses will not improve your vision with advancing cataracts, as the cataract is obstructing vision.

When is cataract surgery recommended or advised?

Cataract surgery should be considered when normal activities of daily living are impacted such as: driving, reading, work, or other activities.

Who completes the cataract surgery?

An ophthalmologist, eye surgeon, will assess and operate to insert a new lens within the eye to allow clear, comfortable vision.

Are there options while having cataract surgery for lens implants?

Yes, we recommend speaking with your eye surgeon to determine the right option for you.